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The History of a unique city.
Visit Nice, is to plunge into its history and be guided at the option of a unique adventure. jevisiteNice.fr offers you to know a little more about Nissa la Bella, character city.
up messages found in Nice to prehistoric times, even a museum dedicated it (the Terra Amata Museum, on the road towards Villefranche and Monaco). But it is more ancient that marked the city of their footprint. Its Greek past, began in the sixth century BCE, Nice has retained a name Nikaia (donated from a school, its high capacity performance hall) and a port, the genoa later develop. Greek Nice is not a trading post or a strong political city. The Roman arrival, however, mark a first phase of expansion that tourists can observe today. Indeed, the Gallo-Roman site in the Cimiez district is a must and demonstrates a certain opulence of Nicea, born Greek city became Roman -and christian- the fourth century.
Medieval History of Nice will be tormented. Often conquered and faces invasions, it will also offer heroic victories over the invaders. Between the eighth and until the middle of the thirteenth century, the sarazines, Provencal attacks -and french therefore- will, in turn, successful Nice to cross the lines, but also come up against the determination of this proud people, then under the rule the home of Genoa. On the one sea to another, from one conflict to another, the Genoese Nice will even fight Veneto.
A second wave of economic growth will be credited to the Count of Provence, who, having conquered this land after struggles and strategic shore, make a gateway to the road salt. Economic and population growth will lead to an expansion of the city "high" (the area mentioned previously, Cimiez, on the hills of the city) to the most coastal districts, the Old Town that we walk today.
The weapons are silent. At least for a time. But the merchant city has faced a much more difficult time. Plague. This plague will cause the loss of nearly half of the population of the time to the first moitiée the fourteenth century. Nice is on his knees but did not yield. She gets up. It will also address new challenges.
The third phase of this rapid timeline begins with the cession of Nice to Savoy. The city today is indeed much to this domination that will last nearly five centuries. The Savoy is Nice's preferred route to the Mediterranean. Consequences: improvement of the transport network, fortifications. This "Comté de Nice", so dear to some of Nice now, so is the political result of this expansion of the XIV and XV centuries.
Nice is now a regional capital, a prosperous city. But volatility also thrives in Europe and French Savoyards and compete again. It was during one of his episodes epic legend Catherine Ségurane appears.
Besieged by the famous Barbarossa, Nice will seek agreements, alliances and protectorates, in a few centuries, "the attachment" to France. But still remain somewhat in the Renaissance because I can not leave without mentioning a painful transition in the history of the city.
These wars disfiguring Europe and redraws the infinitely led the Savoy for political choices to unfortunate consequences. Among them, the support that Victor Amadeus II will bring to Spain, then at war against France will cost its castle in our city. Indeed, despite the alliance signed with the French, the decision to bring monies and resources to Charles II, the King of Spain for 29 years, will cause a certain couroux ... Louis XIV. Emerged victorious, it will order in retaliation destruction of the castle in the early eighteenth century. The site and some vestiges of that era are visible on his eponymous hill.
Sardis came under the yoke in 1814, once again a incoutournable business location, Nice officially became French, integrated in the Alpes-Maritimes, June 14, 1860.
The Contemporary History that will follow will be fairly close to those of other major French cities. Faced with the arrival of the Premièr World War, Nice will be impacted by unemployment and the flight of tourists to our shores. The Between the wars means hope to a population that flirts with the 250 then 000 in the second half of thirty years. The Second World War is already there. This will mark its share of horror and desolation, thousands of buildings were destroyed in the famous Casino Pier Promenade which is the subject of a focus on jevisiteNice.fr. The city will be released August 28, 1944.
During the postwar period, Nice is rebuilt and reborn again. The expansion is back, and tourists flock the capital of the French Riviera becomes a dynamic city, a "place to be" raced.
Nice today, the one that wants you to discover jevisiteNice.fr : 5th largest city in France, after Paris 1st aeroportuaire platform, culinary specialties that the world envies us (yes, really!), One of climates the most significant of Europe ... in short, discover Nice with our advice.
Good visit ;-)